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DIY爱好者发明大炮“安静版本”

我最近收到住在北京Bill的邮件。他用DIY大炮减少家里的颗粒污染。

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但是他像我一样想降低大炮的噪音。

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所以Bill用了DIY精神来设计一个“静音版本”。他用塑料方块制造了一个箱子,将噪音挡在里面。

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箱子前后端有开口,帮助通风,虽然我猜这样做可能会降低几个百分点的净化效果。为进一步降低噪音,他在里面还用了被子盖上风扇。

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结果噪音降低6 dB!这区别多大?如果你已经有大炮,低档噪音是52 dB。作为比较,Bill大炮的高档噪音比这个低2 dB。确实挺安静的!

如果你对用Bill的设计感兴趣,我建议关注两点:

  1. 这个设计应该会有点减少空气的流通性。我猜总体效果会降低至少几个百分点,但是要做比较测试后才能确知。
  2. 要注意避免风机超热。设计完了之后,先开高档看看温度。

支持Bill的作业!

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Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger DIY

对不起,此内容只适用于美式英文。 For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Ever since I started my DIY experiments, I’ve been wondering whether I could create a super DIY by using a stronger fan. In the past three months, my collaborator Anna has helped me test a half dozen different fans. She now has a home full of fans:

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After months of tests, one fan has proven itself to be the king of fans. I’m now ready to unveil a newer, more powerful DIY:

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Informally I’ve been calling it the “大炮,” the cannon. That describes how it looks, but also what it does to air pollution. Simply put, this thing kicks butt:

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Even when you look at the really small stuff–0.5 micron particles–the cannon is equally impressive:

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Over five nights of testing, the cannon removed an average of 97% of 0.5 micron particles and 96% of 2.5 micron particles. I think this may be close to the upper limit of how much particulate pollution you can remove from your air with a home-use filter.

(Update: for more Cannon room tests, check out tests with an added carbon layer and tests on the medium and low settings.)

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But wait, isn’t the original DIY effective too? That leads to the question…

What’s the difference between the Original DIY and the Cannon?

  1. In 8-hour tests, the cannon removes 4-13% more particulates. 

In the overnight tests, the cannon is removing somewhat more particulates–especially the smaller 0.5 micron particles.

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Remember, this is an average, so the difference is larger on very polluted days and smaller on clean days. (You can see the data for individual days in the raw data at the end of this post.)

  1. The Cannon cleans faster.

Because the cannon circulates air a lot faster, it reaches those numbers faster than the original DIY.

This is harder to illustrate than average effectiveness, but you can see it clearly in our controlled tests. In the controlled tests, we burn a source of 0.5 micron particles (a stick of incense) in a small closed room. After 20 minutes, we turn on the filter. In those tests, the Cannon is clearly faster:

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Now, this speed test is only to demonstrate relative speed in controlled conditions. The speed test room was small–a bathroom. It’s not meant to say the Cannon will clean your whole bedroom in 1 minute. But it does say the Cannon will clean your room faster than the Original DIY.

  1. The Cannon is better suited for very large rooms.

Some people have told me they want to use the original DIY to clean large spaces, like stores and multi-person offices, but the original DIY is not really made for large spaces. If you want to clean a large area, the Cannon has the power to get the job done. (See tests in a 30.5 m2 room.)

Is it still affordable?

One obvious question is, sure it works better, but won’t it be way more expensive? The stronger fan is more expensive and heavier, but we’ve still managed to get the price at Smart Air to 450 RMB. At that rate, you’d be removing 97% of your 0.5 micron particulate at just 4.1% the price of the 11,000 RMB IQ Air.

When should I choose the Cannon vs. the Original DIY? 

I would recommend the Cannon for:

  1. People with larger spaces, like large offices or bigger-than-normal living rooms.
  2. People who are very concerned about air pollution and therefore really value that extra speed and effectiveness–for example, people with health problems, pregnant women, and children.

But for most normal-sized bedrooms (<15m2), the Original DIY will still do the trick.

As always, I’m posting the original data and methods below for fellow data nerds.

(更多…)

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Creative Workarounds

对不起,此内容只适用于美式英文。 For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Adam in Suzhou sent me a picture of a creative solution to a filter problem.

The fan he had at his house had an opening that was slightly larger than the HEPA. So Adam cut out a piece of cardboard to close up the edges. Great idea!QQ20160617-0

Adam says, “It’s already turned slightly gray after one night!

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