30元滤网靠谱吗

30元的HEPA靠谱吗?

我发表制作DIY空气净化器说明的时候,有很多人问我“我应该用哪种HEPA滤网?这个靠谱吗?”

这种问题很适合我这个书呆子,因为意味着需要更多的数据!所以我找了所有能联系上的HEPA厂家,然后我测试了每个HEPA。测试最终完成的时候,我发现了一种HEPA效果最好,而且可以提供80元包邮,而不是我原来买的110元的HEPA–又有质量又实惠!

HEPA能再便宜吗?

后来我找到了批发价20元的HEPA。我当时很兴奋!如果HEPA那么便宜,我们可以让DIY空气净化器更便宜。

但是20元的HEPA测试数据很糟糕。这些HEPA效果远远低于捕捉99%的颗粒的标准,所以我决定不要这些HEPA。如果我不愿意在自己家里用这个HEPA,怎么能让其他人用呢?

30元的HEPA呢?

所以我最近看到淘宝上宣传30元的HEPA,我不是很惊讶(而且店铺还说我的HEPA暴利!)。这个店说自己的HEPA能捕捉99.97%的颗粒,所以如果真的是这样,可能是我梦中的HEPA。

所以我订了两个然后做了测试。收到的时候我很惊讶发现没有外框:

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没有外框不容易完全贴合在出风口,但是不一定是说明效果不好,所以我还是做了测试。

出风口测试

第一种测试是把HEPA系在大炮上,然后用Met One Aerocet 531S测试它出来的空气。

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(这个Met One很适合做出风口测试,因为出风口有气流,而这个测试仪的气泵可以控制进来的风量。)

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效果远离淘宝店自己说的99.97%。聪明空气HEPA捕捉了99.9%以上的颗粒,但是30元的HEPA不到90%。

风速

不过,颗粒效果不是一切。还要考虑到风阻。如果能捕捉80%的颗粒,但是风量更大,有可能总效还会好。那样的话,HEPA会更多次处理房间的空气。

为了测试这个可能性,我把每张HEPA系在大炮上,然后我用了风速测试仪:7

我把风速测试仪放在HEPA上面四个位置(左右上下)然后算了一个平均值。

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30元的HEPA又表现得不好:捕捉的颗粒不多,而且风量低。

结论

高质量的30元的HEPA仍然是个幻想。不是完全无效,但是用这种30元的HEPA会让人呼吸更多的危险的颗粒污染。

我还是希望能有商家发明一个质量好的,更便宜的HEPA,但是我到现在还没看过这样的HEPA。

这家淘宝店不诚实?

30元HEPA的淘宝店说他们的HEPA捕捉99.97%的颗粒。那是说他们在撒谎吗?

我不知道他们是怎么想的,但是如果要打赌,我猜他们只是没花时间去买测试仪然后做测试。我怀疑淘宝上很多不诚实的行为当中,一大部分其实是偷工减料。

跟之前一样,我在帖子下面发布原始数据。

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Are All DIYs the Same? Poor Results from 还我蓝天

对不起,此内容只适用于美式英文。 For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

When I did my first experiments, several people told me not to publish the data. “Don’t give it away for free,” they told me. “Use it to make money!” I decided then that my main goal wasn’t to make money. I almost got tricked into paying $1,000 for clean air, and I wanted to help people avoid getting tricked too, so I published the data anyway.

Of course, publishing the instructions online has made it easy for people to copy the idea. 还我蓝天 (Huanwo Lantian) was one of the first to follow in our footsteps, selling a DIY filter a few months back. They even use a screen capture of Gus’s appearance on Chinese TV on their shop:

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I was curious to see how their filter works, so I decided to order one off of Taobao and put it to the test.

Now I’m in an awkward position because I found that their HEPA was not working nearly as well as my Smart Air HEPAs. It’s awkward because, if I publish the data, will people think I’m just trying to attack a competitor?

In the end, I think it’s better to publish the results and be honest about my conflict of interest. At the very least, I think people have an interest in knowing how well other DIYs work–especially when some of those websites use graphs that are lifted from my site, which can mislead people into thinking the test results are from their machines.

And as always, I’m publishing my raw data and testing methods at the end of this post, so fellow nerds can replicate my studies.

Method: My collaborator Anna used the same methods as our earlier tests in her 15m2 room. Anna did five overnight tests with the same Dylos Pro particle counter, and I calculated effectiveness as the percent reduction of particles in the room air, averaging the last three hours (more info). Then I compared the results to my earlier tests in the same room.

Here’s what I found:

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Results: The 还我蓝天 DIY removed 21% fewer particles 0.5 microns and above and 11% less 2.5 micron particles than the Original.

Is it the fan? The 还我蓝天 fan is slightly smaller than the Smart Air Original, so one explanation could be that the 还我蓝天 fan is just moving less air. Anna tested that by strapping the 还我蓝天 HEPA onto our Original fan.

Here’s what I found:

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Result: There wasn’t much difference. With the new fan, it was getting 4% more 0.5 micron particles and 2% less 2.5 micron particles. Thus, the fan doesn’t seem to be the reason.

Is it the HEPA? The second possibility is that the 还我蓝天 HEPA isn’t as good. Anna tested the HEPA by doing air outlet tests with a Met One GT-521, which measures down to 0.3 microns. Anna tested the air coming out of the HEPA for 10 seconds, and I averaged the results from three tests. (More details at the end of the post.)

Here’s what I found:

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Results: The 还我蓝天 HEPA performed worse, about 7% lower than the HEPA standard. The major source of the 还我蓝天’s poor performance seems to be the quality of the filter.

Conclusion: In room tests, the 还我蓝天 DIY removes about 21% fewer particles than the Original DIY, and the data suggests that the reason is that 还我蓝天 HEPA is lower quality.

Now, don’t get me wrong. The 还我蓝天 DIY is making the room air cleaner. I’d rather have a 还我蓝天 than nothing. But the results show that this DIY copycat is cutting corners by using cheap HEPAs.

As always, I’m posting the raw data and more detail on the methods for fellow nerds.

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